Dates back to 4th-5th century AC, “Ortahisar Fatih Büyük Mosque” is built as the “Church of the Golden-Headed Virgin Mary” in a more simple form, and has been converted to the current cross-form it has with a renovation took place in the 13th century. As the Ottoman Emperor Mehmet II (a.k.a. “Mehmed the Conqueror”) conquered Trabzon (in 1461), it has been converted into a mosque. Rumour has it the emperor attended the very first Friday prayer in Trabzon at this mosque.
Although built in Roman style, and later renovated with Byzantine style, the building also reflects some local and Caucasian aspects. The church had been the coronation place for Kommenos kings until the Ottoman conquest. A complex around the mosque (consists of a madrassah and a primary school) had been built, nonetheless these parts had destroyed later.
Some mosaics were founded (and are visible) during the recent renovation project held at the mosque. The mosque is a free to enter, must-visit sight located in “Kanuni Park” in the old town of Trabzon (Ortahisar).
Address: Ortahisar Mahallesi, Fatih Cami Sk. No:6, 61030 Trabzon Merkez/Trabzon